pygeos.strtree
¶

class
pygeos.strtree.
STRtree
(geometries, leafsize=5)¶ A queryonly Rtree created using the SortTileRecursive (STR) algorithm.
For twodimensional spatial data. The actual tree will be constructed at the first query.
 Parameters
geometries : array_like
leafsize : int
the maximum number of child nodes that a node can have
Examples
>>> import pygeos >>> tree = pygeos.STRtree(pygeos.points(np.arange(10), np.arange(10))) >>> # Query geometries that overlap envelope of input geometries: >>> tree.query(pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4)).tolist() [2, 3, 4] >>> # Query geometries that are contained by input geometry: >>> tree.query(pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4), predicate='contains').tolist() [3] >>> # Query geometries that overlap envelopes of `geoms` >>> tree.query_bulk([pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4), pygeos.box(5, 5, 6, 6)]).tolist() [[0, 0, 0, 1, 1], [2, 3, 4, 5, 6]]
Methods

query
(geometry, predicate=None)¶ Return the index of all geometries in the tree with extents that intersect the envelope of the input geometry.
If predicate is provided, a prepared version of the input geometry is tested using the predicate function against each item whose extent intersects the envelope of the input geometry: predicate(geometry, tree_geometry).
If geometry is None, an empty array is returned.
 Parameters
geometry : Geometry
The envelope of the geometry is taken automatically for querying the tree.
predicate : {None, ‘intersects’, ‘within’, ‘contains’, ‘overlaps’, ‘crosses’, ‘touches’}, optional
The predicate to use for testing geometries from the tree that are within the input geometry’s envelope.
 Returns
ndarray
Indexes of geometries in tree
Examples
>>> import pygeos >>> tree = pygeos.STRtree(pygeos.points(np.arange(10), np.arange(10))) >>> tree.query(pygeos.box(1,1, 3,3)).tolist() [1, 2, 3] >>> # Query geometries that are contained by input geometry >>> tree.query(pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4), predicate='contains').tolist() [3]

query_bulk
(geometry, predicate=None)¶ Returns all combinations of each input geometry and geometries in the tree where the envelope of each input geometry intersects with the envelope of a tree geometry.
If predicate is provided, a prepared version of each input geometry is tested using the predicate function against each item whose extent intersects the envelope of the input geometry: predicate(geometry, tree_geometry).
This returns an array with shape (2,n) where the subarrays correspond to the indexes of the input geometries and indexes of the tree geometries associated with each. To generate an array of pairs of input geometry index and tree geometry index, simply transpose the results.
In the context of a spatial join, input geometries are the “left” geometries that determine the order of the results, and tree geometries are “right” geometries that are joined against the left geometries. This effectively performs an inner join, where only those combinations of geometries that can be joined based on envelope overlap or optional predicate are returned.
Any geometry that is None or empty in the input geometries is omitted from the output.
 Parameters
geometry : Geometry or array_like
Input geometries to query the tree. The envelope of each geometry is automatically calculated for querying the tree.
predicate : {None, ‘intersects’, ‘within’, ‘contains’, ‘overlaps’, ‘crosses’, ‘touches’}, optional
The predicate to use for testing geometries from the tree that are within the input geometry’s envelope.
 Returns
ndarray with shape (2, n)
The first subarray contains input geometry indexes. The second subarray contains tree geometry indexes.
Examples
>>> import pygeos >>> tree = pygeos.STRtree(pygeos.points(np.arange(10), np.arange(10))) >>> tree.query_bulk([pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4), pygeos.box(5, 5, 6, 6)]).tolist() [[0, 0, 0, 1, 1], [2, 3, 4, 5, 6]] >>> # Query for geometries that contain tree geometries >>> tree.query_bulk([pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4), pygeos.box(5, 5, 6, 6)], predicate='contains').tolist() [[0], [3]] >>> # To get an array of pairs of index of input geometry, index of tree geometry, >>> # transpose the output: >>> tree.query_bulk([pygeos.box(2, 2, 4, 4), pygeos.box(5, 5, 6, 6)]).T.tolist() [[0, 2], [0, 3], [0, 4], [1, 5], [1, 6]]